Erkl√¶ring – A/63/65 – om menneskerettigheder, seksuel orientering og k√łnsidentitet fremsat og dr√łftet den 22. december 2008 p√• FN’s generalforsamling.

Vist 173 gange.
En st√¶rk menneskerettighedserkl√¶ring om seksuel orientering og k√łnsidentitet – A/63/65 – blev den 22. december 2008 fremsat og dr√łftet under afholdelse af FN’s generalforsamling.
60 √•r tidligere – den 10. december 1948 blev FN’s menneskerettighedserkl√¶ring vedtaget af af De forenede Nationers Generalforsamling.

Erkl√¶ringen – A/63/65 – den 18. december 2008 blev fremsat p√• vegne af 66 nationer fra fem kontinenter – heriblandt Danmark og de √łvrige EU-lande.
Erklæringen blev oplæst af Argentinas repræsentant.

Spring direkte ned til den danske oversættelse af erklæringen

Der var imidlertid også lande og organisationer, som protesterede mod erklæringen.
Den syriske repr√¶sentant opl√¶ste en erkl√¶ring p√• vegne af The Islamic Conference, som afviste ideen om, at seksuel orientering har noget med genetisk kodning at g√łre, at den fremsatte erkl√¶ring truede med at underminere de internationale rammer for menneskerettigheder, og at det, som den fremsatte erkl√¶ring omhandler, alene h√łrer under de enkelte nationers hjemlige retsv√¶sen.
Denne “mod-erkl√¶ring” fik st√łtte fra 57 nationer[1].

Vatikanets repr√¶sentant, √¶rkebiskop Migliore udtalte, at Pavestolen v√¶rdsatte erkl√¶ringens indhold om menneskerettigheder, som ford√łmmer alle former for vold mod homoseksuelle og transpersoner og opfordrede alle stater til at tr√¶ffe de n√łdvendige forsnstaltninger for at s√¶tte en stopper for alle strafferetlige sanktioner mod dem.
Men samtidig udtrykte han, at Pavestolen fandt, at ordlyden i erkl√¶ringen rakte ud over de omhandlede persongrupper og de f√¶lles hensigter, og at begreberne “seksuel orientering” og “k√łnsidentitet” ikke var anerkendt eller klart defineret i international ret.

Den fremsatte erklæring

United Nations
A/63/635
General Assembly
Distr.: General
22 December 2008
Original: English

Sixty-third session
Agenda item 64 (b)

Promotion and protection of human rights: human rights questions, including alternative approaches for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms

Letter dated 18 December 2008 from the Permanent Representatives of Argentina, Brazil, Croatia, France, Gabon, Japan, the Netherlands and Norway to the United Nations addressed to the President of the General Assembly

We have the pleasure of transmitting a statement on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity (see annex), signed by Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea-Bissau, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Montenegro, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Uruguay and Venezuela.

We would appreciate it if the statement, which was read out in plenary meeting today, would be circulated as a document of the sixty-third session of the General Assembly, under agenda item 64 (b).

(Signed) Jorge Arg√ľello, Permanent Representative of Argentina to the United Nations
(Signed) Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti, Permanent Representative of Brazil to the United Nations
(Signed) Neven Jurica, Permanent Representative of Croatia to the United Nations
(Signed) Jean-Maurice Ripert, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations
(Signed) Emanuel Issoze-Ngondet, Permanent Representative of Gabon to the United Nations
(Signed) Yukio Takasu, Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations
(Signed) Frank Majoor, Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the United Nations
(Signed) Morten Wetland, Permanent Representative of Norway to the United Nations

Annex to the letter dated 18 December 2008 from the Permanent Representatives of Argentina, Brazil, Croatia, France, Gabon, Japan, the Netherlands and Norway to the United Nations addressed to the President of the General Assembly

[Original: English, French and Spanish]

We have the honour to make this statement on human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity on behalf of […].
  1. We reaffirm the principle of universality of human rights, as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and article 2 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, as well as in article 26 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
  2. We reaffirm the principle of non-discrimination, which requires that human rights apply equally to every human being regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity.
  3. We are deeply concerned by violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms based on sexual orientation or gender identity.
  4. We are also disturbed that violence, harassment, discrimination, exclusion, stigmatization and prejudice are directed against persons in all countries in the world because of sexual orientation or gender identity, and that these practices undermine the integrity and dignity of those subjected to these abuses.
  5. We condemn the human rights violations based on sexual orientation or gender identity wherever they occur, in particular the use of the death penalty on this ground, extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, the practice of torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment, arbitrary arrest or detention and deprivation of economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to health.
  6. We recall the statement in 2006 before the Human Rights Council by fifty-four countries requesting the President of the Council to provide an opportunity, at an appropriate future session of the Council, to discuss these violations.
  7. We commend the attention paid to these issues by special procedures of the Human Rights Council and treaty bodies and encourage them to continue to integrate consideration of human rights violations based on sexual orientation or gender identity within their relevant mandates.
  8. We welcome the adoption of resolution AG/RES. 2435 (XXXVIII-O/08) entitled “Human Rights, Sexual Orientation, and Gender Identity” by the General Assembly of the Organization of American States during its thirty-eighth session, on 3 June 2008.
  9. We call upon all States and relevant international human rights mechanisms to commit to promote and protect the human rights of all persons, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity.
  10. We urge States to take all the necessary measures, in particular legislative or administrative, to ensure that sexual orientation or gender identity may under no circumstances be the basis for criminal penalties, in particular executions, arrests or detention.
  11. We urge States to ensure that human rights violations based on sexual orientation or gender identity are investigated and perpetrators held accountable and brought to justice.
  12. We urge States to ensure adequate protection of human rights defenders, and remove obstacles which prevent them from carrying out their work on issues of human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

Dansk oversættelse af de 13 punkter. Der tages forbehold over for oversættelsens korrekthed. Ved brug som dokumentation henvises til den originale tekst. Tina Thranesen.
[Retur]

Vi har den √¶re at frems√¶tte denne erkl√¶ring om menneskerettigheder, seksuel orientering og k√łnsidentitet p√• vegne af […].
  1. Vi bekr√¶fter princippet om universelle menneskerettigheder, som er nedf√¶ldet i Verdenserkl√¶ringen om menneskerettigheder, hvis 60. jubil√¶um fejres dette √•r, artikel 1, som fastsl√•r, at “alle mennesker er f√łdt frie og lige i v√¶rdighed og rettigheder”.
  2. Vi bekr√¶fter, at enhver er berettiget til at nyde godt af menneskerettighederne uden forskelsbehandling af nogen art, f. eks. p√• grund af race, farve, k√łn, sprog, religion, politisk eller anden anskuelse, national eller social oprindelse, formueforhold, f√łdsel eller anden samfundsm√¶ssig stilling, som fastsat i artikel 2 i Verdenserkl√¶ringen om menneskerettigheder, og artikel 2 i den Internationale Konvention om Borgerlige og Politiske Rettigheder og den Internationale Konvention om √ėkonomiske, Sociale og Kulturelle Rettigheder, samt i artikel 26 i Den Internationale Konvention om Borgerlige og Politiske Rettigheder.
  3. Vi bekr√¶fter princippet om ikke-diskrimination, som kr√¶ver, at menneskerettigheder g√¶lder for alle mennesker uanset seksuel orientering eller k√łnsidentitet.
  4. Vi er dybt ber√łrt af kr√¶nkelser af menneskerettighederne og de grundl√¶ggende frihedsrettigheder p√• grund af seksuel orientering eller k√łnsidentitet.
  5. Vi er ogs√• foruroliget over, at vold, chikane, diskrimination, udst√łdelse, stigmatisering og fordomme er rettet mod personer i alle lande i verden p√• grund af seksuel orientering eller k√łnsidentitet, da denne praksis underminerer integriteten og v√¶rdigheden hos dem, som uds√¶ttes for disse overgreb.
  6. Vi ford√łmmer kr√¶nkelser af menneskerettighederne p√• grund af seksuel orientering eller k√łnsidentitet, uanset hvor de forekommer, is√¶r anvendelsen af d√łdsstraf, udenretslige, summariske eller vilk√•rlige henrettelser, af tortur og anden grusom, umenneskelig og nedv√¶rdigende behandling eller straf, vilk√•rlig anholdelse eller frihedsber√łvelse og fratagelse af √łkonomiske, sociale og kulturelle rettigheder, herunder retten til sundhed.
  7. Vi erindrer om erkl√¶ringen i 2006 fremsat over for Menneskerettighedsr√•det af fire og halvtreds lande, der anmoder formanden for R√•det til at give en mulighed for, p√• en passende kommende samling i R√•det, til at dr√łfte disse kr√¶nkelser.
  8. Vi anbefaler opm√¶rksomhed p√• disse sp√łrgsm√•l ved s√¶rlige procedurer i Menneskerettighedsr√•d og traktatf√¶stede organer og opfordre dem til at forts√¶tte med at integrere behandling af kr√¶nkelser af menneskerettighederne p√• grund af seksuel orientering eller k√łnsidentitet inden for deres relevante mandater.
  9. Vi gl√¶der os over vedtagelsen af resolution AG /RES. 2435 (XXXVIII-O/08) med titlen “Menneskerettigheder, seksuel orientering og k√łnsidentitet” ved the General Assembly of the Organization of American States ved dens 38. session den 3. juni 2008.
  10. Vi opfordrer alle stater og relevante internationale menneskerettighedsorganisationer til at forpligte sig til at fremme og beskytte menneskerettighederne for alle personer, uanset seksuel orientering eller k√łnsidentitet.
  11. Vi opfordrer staterne til at tr√¶ffe alle n√łdvendige foranstaltninger, navnlig lovgivningsm√¶ssige eller administrative for at sikre, at seksuel orientering eller k√łnsidentitet kan under nogen omst√¶ndighed kan v√¶re grundlag for strafferetlige sanktioner, navnlig henrettelser, anholdelser eller tilbageholdelse.
  12. Vi opfordrer medlemsstaterne til at sikre, at kr√¶nkelser af menneskerettighederne p√• grund af seksuel orientering eller k√łnsidentitet bliver unders√łgt, og at gerningsm√¶ndene stilles til ansvar og retsforfulgt.
  13. Vi opfordrer medlemsstaterne til at sikre en tilstr√¶kkelig beskyttelse af menneskerettighedsfork√¶mpere, og fjerne hindringer, der forhindrer dem i at udf√łre deres arbejde med sp√łrgsm√•l om menneskerettigheder, seksuel orientering og k√łnsidentitet.

[Retur]

Erkl√¶ringen p√• FN’s hjemmeside.
Omtale af erklæringen på Wikipedia.
CNA Catholic News Agency med artikel den 19. december 2008, der omtaler Vatikanets kritiske holdning til erklæringen.

Note
  1. [Retur] Africa, Algeria, Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, C√īte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Kenya, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Americas, Saint Lucia, Asia, Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Oceania, Fiji og Solomon Islands.