OL tillader transseksuelle at deltage i OL. Den Internationale Olympiske Komité (IOC) ændrer regler. 17. maj 2004. Forældet.

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Den Internationale Olympiske Komit√© (The International Olympic Committee – IOC) har p√• et m√łde mandag den 17. maj 2004 bestemt, at transseksuelle, der fuldt ud har gennemf√łrt k√łnsskifte, som er godkendt af de officielle myndigheder, allerede i √•r i august m√•ned 2004 kan deltage i De Olympiske Lege i Athen.

De her angivne vilk√•r er for√¶ldede. Den Internationale Olympiske Komit√© vedtog i november 2015, at transk√łnnede kan deltage i sport uden kirurgisk k√łnsskifte.

Vilkårerne:
IOC approves consensus with regard to athletes who have changed sex
Consensus based on ad-hoc committee
The consensus ois based on an ad-hoc committee convened by the IOC Medical Commission that met on 28 October 2003 in Stockholm to discuss and issue recommendations on the participation of individuals who have undergone sex reassignment(male to female and vice versa)in sport. The group was composed of: Prof. Arne Ljungqvist (SWE), Prof. Odile Cohen-Haguenauer (FRA), Prof. Myron Genel (USA), Prof. Joe Leigh Simpson (USA), Prof. Martin Ritzen (SWE), Prof. Marc Fellous (FRA) and Dr Patrick Schamasch (FRA).
Sex reassignment before puberty
The group confirms the previous recommendation that any “individuals undergoing sex reassignment of male to female before puberty should be regarded as girls and women” (female). This also applies to individuals undergoing female to male reassignment, who should be regarded as boys and men (male).
Sex reassignment after puberty
The group recommends that individuals undergoing sex reassignment from male to female after puberty (and vice versa) be eligible for participation in female or male competitions, respectively, under the following conditions:
  • Surgical anatomical changes have been completed, including external genitalia changes and gonadectomy
  • Legal recognition of their assigned sex has been conferred by the appropriate official authorities
  • Hormonal therapy appropriate for the assigned sex has been administered in a verifiable manner and for a sufficient length of time to minimise gender-related advantages in sport competitions.
Two years after gonadectomy
In the opinion of the group, eligibility should begin no sooner than two years after gonadectomy.
It is understood that a confidential case-by-case evaluation will occur.
In the event that the gender of a competing athlete is questioned, the medical delegate (or equivalent) of the relevant sporting body shall have the authority to take all appropriate measures for the determination of the gender of a competitor.

* * *
Forl√łbet
12. november 2003
Statement of the Stockholm consensus on sex reassignment in sports On 28 October 2003, an ad-hoc committee convened by the IOC Medical Commission met in Stockholm to discuss and issue recommendations on the participation of individuals who have undergone sex reassignment (male to female and converse)
in sport.

18. maj 2004
The Executive Board of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) today approved the consensus proposed by the IOC Medical Commission stating the conditions to be respected for a person who has changed sex to compete in sports competitions. These conditions will be applied as of the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad in 2004 in Athens.
Afslutningsvis anf√łres:
The present recommendation is the result of an updating of the IAAF guidelines by a panel of experts and to which clear requirements have been added with respect to eligibility for competition under the new gender following sex reassignment after puberty. The most debated aspects have been: (A) For how long will the hormonal influence of the earlier puberty be of importance? (B) Will the testosterone influence on the muscular strength during male puberty ever disappear? (C) For how long should the treatment with female hormones last in order to be considered sufficient? (D) How can one make sure that the required treatment with female hormone does really take place? All those questions were addressed by the panel, which also sought advise from further outside experts, before the enclosed recommendations were agreed upon.

Arne Ljungqvist
IOC Medical Committee Chairman
Ovenstående i pdf-format.

19. maj 2004
The Executive Board (EB) of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) concluded two-and-a-half days of discussions in Lausanne today.
Anf√łrer bl.a.
On the medical front, the EB approved the consensus proposed by the IOC Medical Commission setting out the conditions to be respected for a person who has changed sex to take part in sports competitions. These conditions will be applied starting from the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad in 2004 in Athens, and can be found on the IOC website: www.olympic.org.